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Puppy playing in leaves and grass
What is Parvovirus (Parvo)?

New pet adopters and experienced dog owners alike may wonder, "What is the parvovirus (parvo)? How does my dog get parvo? Can parvo spread to humans and other animals?"

Cat laying on cluttered desk
Why Cats Knock Things Over

Whether you find it amusing or frustrating - or a little of both - the fact is if you own a cat, they are going to knock objects off any elevated surface, such as your desk or a table.

Product that contain xylitol
Xylitol Kills Pets! What You Need to Know Right Now!

Do you know what xylitol is? Do you know that it is dangerous and can kill your dog?  If you, answered no to either of these questions then you must read and share this! Xylitol is even more deadly than chocolate and with and chances are, that you have something containing xylitol in your pantry right now or even your purse and you do not even know it! It is used more and more in everyday products, it is super toxic, and lack of our knowledge can put our fourlegged family members in danger.

Common Uses of Xylitol

  • Artificial Sweetener -it is sweet like sugar but has significantly fewer calories.
  • Dental Products -it is an additive that prevents bacteria in the mouth from producing acids that damage tooth enamel. 
  • Humectant -it is an additive that reduces the loss of moisture non-edible products like nasal sprays and skin products.

What are the effects of xylitol on dogs and cats?

In dogs, it increases the release of insulin and causes a decrease in the blood sugar levels.  Xylitol will cause the same effect in cat’s but is unlikely to be an issue due to their finicky palate. They do not like it and have discriminating appetites.

What are the symptoms of xylitol toxicity?

The first symptom of xylitol toxicity is likely to be vomiting.  trembling, weakness, collapse, seizures, and potentially death are caused by low blood sugar levels that develop 30 minutes to 12 hours after ingestion. Liver damage happens within 12 to 24 hours when elevated liver enzymes can be detected with lab work.  High xylitol doses can cause major necrosis of the liver which is considered a medical condition that can result in death. Xylitol can drop blood sugar levels down to levels that are not compatible with life in 30 to 90 minutes!

Xylitol can drop blood sugar levels down to levels that are not compatible with life in 30 to 90 minutes!

What is a toxic dose of xylitol for dogs?

According to the Pet Poison Helpline, the dose needed to cause poisoning is at least 0.05 grams per pound of body weight (0.1 grams per kilogram of body weight). Gums and breath mints typically contain 0.22-1.0 gram of xylitol per piece of gum or per mint. This means that a 10-pound dog could eat one piece of gum and it could be toxic!

What to do if your dog consumes xylitol?

Time is critical in your dog’s prognosis! If you have caught your dog in the middle of eating something containing xylitol and KNOW that it just happened, call us immediately.  You may be instructed to be induce vomiting with hydrogen peroxide. If you do not know when it happened and have just come home some type of evidence that it has your dog has possibly eaten xylitol, get help ASAP!!! Your dog’s life depends on the amount of xylitol consumed and the time frame in which treatment has been started. transport your pet to our hospital (during business hours) or to an after-hours emergency hospital.  If possible, call when you are in route so that we are waiting for you when you arrive. 

GET HELP ASAP!!! Your dog’s life depends on the amount of xylitol consumed and the time frame in which treatment has been started.

How is Xylitol toxicity treated?

Treatment includes hospitalization with round-the-clock care, blood monitoring, and administration of intravenous glucose and liver-protective agents. Sometimes blood transfusions are needed if there are blood clotting issues caused by liver failure.

How to prevent xylitol toxicity?

If you use products that contain xylitol be sure that they are stored out of your pets reach and preferably in a cabinet or drawer that latches shut. Our four-legged family members can be very smart and determined when it comes to getting something they want.

An outdoor cat
Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) - What Is It?

FeLV is a retrovirus that infects cats and is responsible for more deaths than any other organism. It is, unfortunately, not uncommon.

Sitting puppy
Commonly Asked Questions About Your New Puppy

Getting a new puppy is exciting but can come with a lot of questions.

Dog in shelter kennel
Less Adoptable Pets

In 2009, Petfinder designated the third week of September as “Adopt a Less Adoptable Pet Week.” This annual celebration was launched to